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Natural Sciences


Course Code: BIO-221

Course Description : A comprehensive study of microorganisms with emphasis on bacteria. Topics include: cellular and viral structure and function, taxonomy, microbial metabolism and genetics, physical and chemical methods of controlling microorganisms and concepts of pathogenicity and immunology. The laboratory exercises emphasize practical skills in manipulating, observing, controlling and identifying microbes.

Department Description : Natural Sciences

  • Credit: 4 - 0
  • Lecture Hours: 3
  • Lab Hours: 3


BIO-118, BIO 120 or BIO-124, CHM-118 or CHM-122 and CHM-126

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